Sustainable Forestry

Forestry Concept: Sustainable Forestry

Our concept is straight-forward yet sophisticated: we mirror the growing patterns of natural forests to reproduce near-natural forests on degraded grazing lands. Depending on the location, we choose from a mix of 20 different (mostly local) tree species. Many of these species are listed as endangered.

Through the 40 different combinations between slow and fast growing trees, we can create the necessary shade in accordance to the respective plot. The natural forming forest climate supports the growth of valuable tropical forest species such as the tonca tree. Continuous profits are secured through a selective harvest of various species. This selected harvest guarantees a certain level of forest density and coverage at all times – it is indeed a cultivated and permanently existing forest.

Schematic representation: cultivated and permanently existing forest

PERMANENTLY EXISTING FOREST AND SELECTIVE HARVESTING Nature dictates how we manage in and with it. We follow this with our management concept, because permanent forest means constant forest cover. We guarantee this through selective harvesting and continuous replanting of new tree seedlings – a system with a future!

Forestry Concept: Sustainable Forestry

Our concept is straight-forward yet sophisticated: we mirror the growing patterns of natural forests to reproduce near-natural forests on degraded grazing lands. Depending on the location, we choose from a mix of 20 different (mostly local) tree species. Many of these species are listed as endangered.

Through the 40 different combinations between slow and fast growing trees, we can create the necessary shade in accordance to the respective plot. The natural forming forest climate supports the growth of valuable tropical forest species such as the tonca tree. Continuous profits are secured through a selective harvest of various species. This selected harvest guarantees a certain level of forest density and coverage at all times – it is indeed a cultivated and permanently existing forest.

Schematic representation: cultivated and permanently existing forest

PERMANENTLY EXISTING FOREST AND SELECTIVE HARVESTING Nature dictates how we manage in and with it. We follow this with our management concept, because permanent forest means constant forest cover. We guarantee this through selective harvesting and continuous replanting of new tree seedlings – a system with a future!

The main cast consists of our most important actors: the trees

Nature acts as our main risk manager

Long droughts, extensive rainfall and even hurricanes are common consequences of climate change. Using near natural systems has proven to be an effective method in reducing the risks and effects of these climate catastrophes. Our mixed forest concept creates a tropical forest climate, which has been shown to save large amounts of water. This increased amount of water can help forests survive long droughts that are becoming more frequent due to climate change. Did you know that our rainforests can even function as buffers against hurricanes? Our forestry concept is specifically designed to produce trees of different heights at all times. Due to this characteristic, it is impossible for the hurricane to get a “grip” on our trees, as there is a smaller attack surface. Is more likely for our trees to stop the hurricane then it is for the hurricane to pull out trees.

Sustainable soil cultivation for our stable ecosystem

A system is only as healthy as the soil its roots are in. In keeping with this message, we have studied the role of soil in our ecosystem exhaustively. We try to intervene as little as possible with the natural growth of our forest areas by leaving natural matter such as bark and leaves alone. This creates the perfect growing conditions for healthy hummus and nutritious soil.

Forest residues are left in the plots. In this way, we create ideal conditions for a healthy humus layer and for nutrient-rich, fertile soil.

Nature acts as our main risk manager

Long droughts, extensive rainfall and even hurricanes are common consequences of climate change. Using near natural systems has proven to be an effective method in reducing the risks and effects of these climate catastrophes. Our mixed forest concept creates a tropical forest climate, which has been shown to save large amounts of water. This increased amount of water can help forests survive long droughts that are becoming more frequent due to climate change. Did you know that our rainforests can even function as buffers against hurricanes? Our forestry concept is specifically designed to produce trees of different heights at all times. Due to this characteristic, it is impossible for the hurricane to get a “grip” on our trees, as there is a smaller attack surface. Is more likely for our trees to stop the hurricane then it is for the hurricane to pull out trees.

Sustainable soil cultivation for our stable ecosystem

A system is only as healthy as the soil its roots are in. In keeping with this message, we have studied the role of soil in our ecosystem exhaustively. We try to intervene as little as possible with the natural growth of our forest areas by leaving natural matter such as bark and leaves alone. This creates the perfect growing conditions for healthy hummus and nutritious soil.

Forest residues are left in the plots. In this way, we create ideal conditions for a healthy humus layer and for nutrient-rich, fertile soil.

Our Fincas

San Rafael

When we first bought our first Finca, San Rafael, in 2007, it was in saddening conditions. In the 70s, the previous owner cut down most of the natural forest growing on his property. He did it, so to extend the grazing area for his dairy cattle farm to all 216ha he owned. The overall loser in this process was the environment. We decided to do what we do best – give back live to the land and reforest it. With time, biodiversity returned, as we established Bauminvest’s very first mixed forest. And even today, we continue what we started on San Rafael. We actively turn degraded pastures into rich forests.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Alujuela”; canton “San Carlos”
Size: 216ha
Subdivision: 2 sites, San Rafael 1 and 2
Reforestation(s): 2007 – 2012
Tree species: Cebo, Almendro, Guapinol, Roble Savana, Pilon, Teak, Mahogany, Acacia, Corteza

La Virgen

On La Virgen “love thy neighbour as thyself” is a lived value – in this case we really love Braulio Carrillo National Park. Back in the 50s, the area surrounding La Virgen was covered in dense primary rainforest. The entire region was, however, heavily scared by clear-cuts, making way for the expansion of agricultural industry. The new sight: grazing cattle instead of graceful canopies. Giving live back tot his degraded pasture was BaumInvest’s next goal. In 2010, the new project of afforesting these 760ha was tackled and by now, a majority of the overall property has been reforested. But there is more to this special site than just the proximity to Braulio Carrillo: This finca is located in the heart of the greater “Sarapiqui” region, which is famous for its whitewater and the rafting tours people can experience there. This is where a person can truly experience the jungle. Our forests help protecting and maintaining these regional water sources and water cycles.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Heredia”; district “Sarapiqui”
Size: 760ha
Subdivision: 14 smaller adjacent fincas, connecting across the entire region
Reforestation(s): 2009 -2011
Tree species: Botarama, Cebo, Almendro, Guapinol, Corteza, Corteza Amarilla, Roble Savana, Cocobolo, Caobill, Pilon, Teak, Cedro Maria

Las Delicias

Las Delicias is one of our most northern project sites. It is located in a coastal region, adjacent to Aguas Claras, a district known for its high number of rivers. Before BaumInvest acquired this property in 2010, these 249ha of valuable land were exclusively used for cattle farming and highly draining crop cultivations. Rice, legumes, citrus fruits, and palm hearts slowly degraded the soil. After years of misuse, we started afforesting this dormant land with native tree species, like the Cebo and Guapinol. Thanks to a slowly recovering nutrient cycle, this poor soil has regained a big portion of its former richness and quality.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Alujuela”; canton “Upala”
Size: 249ha
Subdivision: One unit
Reforestation(s): 2011 -2012
Tree species: Cebo, Cedro Maria, Guapinol, Teak, Almendro, Roble Coral, Caobilla, Cocobolo, Laurel, Pilón, Caoba, Manú

El Porvenir

For our reforestation on El Porvenir, we heavily focus on three special tree species – namely: Botarrama, Guapinol and Laurel. El Porvenir, with its overall size of 363ha, is located near Upala in Costa Rica’s North-west. Upala is a canton known for both its volcanoes and lagoons. When we bought this property in 2013, only a few leftover trees still told the sad story of this former rainforest. For many years, the premise was drained by commercial citrus tree plantations and highly dissipating dairy farming. When BaumInvest bought this land, it was exactly what you would expect: degraded and desiccated. It was obvious, what we had to do. Start a new story and grow a near-natural forest to remind those old trees of their glory days.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Alujuela”; canton “Upala”
Size: 363ha
Subdivision: Finca Tajo, Finca Pina, Finca Montoya, Finca Chicho, Finca Chapulina, Finca Chandillo, Finca Canal
Reforestation(s): 2013
Tree species: Botarrama, Guapinol, Almendro, Teak, Cebo, Pilón, Caoba, Cedro Amargo, Laurel

El Concho

Our location El Concho, has endured slowly sapping monocultural use for many years. Before we acquired this 500ha property in close proximity to San Rafael in 2015, the owner refused planting any tree species other than highly profitable ones – such as teak and acacia. For years, the El Concho site eked out a dreary life in monocultures: the landowner before our time had mainly relied on teak and acacia, without mixing in any other tree species! The 500ha area is not far from our Finca La Virgen and is surrounded by pineapple cultivations and sugar cane plantations. Since we purchased the finca in 2015, we have brought it back to its original state piece by piece; by reforesting it with mixed forest in a natural way, turning it into a lush forest that provides habitat for animals and plants.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Alujuela”; canton “San Carlos”
Size: 500ha
Subdivision: Concho 1 and Concho 2
Reforestation(s): 2015 – 2017
Tree species: Botarrama, Cebo, Almendro, Guapinol, Corteza, Corteza Amarilla, Roble Sabana, Cocobolo, Caobilla, Pilon, Teak, Cedro Amargo

Our Fincas

San Rafael

When we first bought our first Finca, San Rafael, in 2007, it was in saddening conditions. In the 70s, the previous owner cut down most of the natural forest growing on his property. He did it, so to extend the grazing area for his dairy cattle farm to all 216ha he owned. The overall loser in this process was the environment. We decided to do what we do best – give back live to the land and reforest it. With time, biodiversity returned, as we established Bauminvest’s very first mixed forest. And even today, we continue what we started on San Rafael. We actively turn degraded pastures into rich forests.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Alujuela”; canton “San Carlos”
Size: 216ha
Subdivision: 2 sites, San Rafael 1 and 2
Reforestation(s): 2007 – 2012
Tree species: Cebo, Almendro, Guapinol, Roble Savana, Pilon, Teak, Mahogany, Acacia, Corteza

LA VIRGEN

On La Virgen “love thy neighbour as thyself” is a lived value – in this case we really love Braulio Carrillo National Park. Back in the 50s, the area surrounding La Virgen was covered in dense primary rainforest. The entire region was, however, heavily scared by clear-cuts, making way for the expansion of agricultural industry. The new sight: grazing cattle instead of graceful canopies. Giving live back tot his degraded pasture was BaumInvest’s next goal. In 2010, the new project of afforesting these 760ha was tackled and by now, a majority of the overall property has been reforested. But there is more to this special site than just the proximity to Braulio Carrillo: This finca is located in the heart of the greater “Sarapiqui” region, which is famous for its whitewater and the rafting tours people can experience there. This is where a person can truly experience the jungle. Our forests help protecting and maintaining these regional water sources and water cycles.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Heredia”; district “Sarapiqui”
Size: 760ha
Subdivision: 14 smaller adjacent fincas, connecting across the entire region
Reforestation(s): 2009 -2011
Tree species: Botarama, Cebo, Almendro, Guapinol, Corteza, Corteza Amarilla, Roble Savana, Cocobolo, Caobill, Pilon, Teak, Cedro Maria

LAS DELICIAS

Las Delicias is one of our most northern project sites. It is located in a coastal region, adjacent to Aguas Claras, a district known for its high number of rivers. Before BaumInvest acquired this property in 2010, these 249ha of valuable land were exclusively used for cattle farming and highly draining crop cultivations. Rice, legumes, citrus fruits, and palm hearts slowly degraded the soil. After years of misuse, we started afforesting this dormant land with native tree species, like the Cebo and Guapinol. Thanks to a slowly recovering nutrient cycle, this poor soil has regained a big portion of its former richness and quality.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Alujuela”; canton “Upala”
Size: 249ha
Subdivision: One unit
Reforestation(s): 2011 -2012
Tree species: Cebo, Cedro Maria, Guapinol, Teak, Almendro, Roble Coral, Caobilla, Cocobolo, Laurel, Pilón, Caoba, Manú

EL PORVENIR

For our reforestation on El Porvenir, we heavily focus on three special tree species – namely: Botarrama, Guapinol and Laurel. El Porvenir, with its overall size of 363ha, is located near Upala in Costa Rica’s North-west. Upala is a canton known for both its volcanoes and lagoons. When we bought this property in 2013, only a few leftover trees still told the sad story of this former rainforest. For many years, the premise was drained by commercial citrus tree plantations and highly dissipating dairy farming. When BaumInvest bought this land, it was exactly what you would expect: degraded and desiccated. It was obvious, what we had to do. Start a new story and grow a near-natural forest to remind those old trees of their glory days.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Alujuela”; canton “Upala”
Size: 363ha
Subdivision: Finca Tajo, Finca Pina, Finca Montoya, Finca Chicho, Finca Chapulina, Finca Chandillo, Finca Canal
Reforestation(s): 2013
Tree species: Botarrama, Guapinol, Almendro, Teak, Cebo, Pilón, Caoba, Cedro Amargo, Laurel

EL CONCHO

Our location El Concho, has endured slowly sapping monocultural use for many years. Before we acquired this 500ha property in close proximity to San Rafael in 2015, the owner refused planting any tree species other than highly profitable ones – such as teak and acacia. For years, the El Concho site eked out a dreary life in monocultures: the landowner before our time had mainly relied on teak and acacia, without mixing in any other tree species! The 500ha area is not far from our Finca La Virgen and is surrounded by pineapple cultivations and sugar cane plantations. Since we purchased the finca in 2015, we have brought it back to its original state piece by piece; by reforesting it with mixed forest in a natural way, turning it into a lush forest that provides habitat for animals and plants.

FAST FACTS

Location: Region “Alujuela”; canton “San Carlos”
Size: 500ha
Subdivision: Concho 1 and Concho 2
Reforestation(s): 2015 – 2017
Tree species: Botarrama, Cebo, Almendro, Guapinol, Corteza, Corteza Amarilla, Roble Sabana, Cocobolo, Caobilla, Pilon, Teak, Cedro Amargo

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